Microengineered Bi2Te3composites for room temperature thermoelectric applications
T.E. Huber1, A. Nikolaeva2, A.Gitsu2, L. Konopko2
1Howard University,Washington, DC 20059, USA
2 Institute of Solid StatePhysics, Academy of Sciences, Moldova
Semiconductor quantum wires constitute a promising thermoelectricmaterial because of the increase of the electronic density of states in low dimensionalmaterials. The thermoelectric figure of merit of these composites can beenhanced by an increase of the electrical to thermal conductivity ratio and,also, by the enhancement of the thermoelectric power that has been predicted tooccur for quantum wires of diameter d <~10 nm. We havesynthesized two types of Bi2 Te3 nanostructures: i)Arrays of 200-nm and 30-nm diameter wires in nanochannel anodic alumina and ii)Networks of 6-nm diameter bismuth telluride wires in porous Vycor glass. The composites are prepared byhigh pressure injection of the conducting melt. We discuss the characterizationand structural properties. We have found that the 200-nm and 30-nm wire’scrystallites are oriented with the basal plane perpendicular to the wire axis.The electronic transport properties and the thermoelectric power of thesecomposites will be discussed also.